Advertisement

Critical Criminology

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 125–139 | Cite as

Ambivalent Sovereigns and Restorative Justice: Exploring Conditions of Possibility and Impossibility for Restorative Justice in a Post-communicative Age

  • Ronnie Lippens
Article

Abstract

This contribution hopes to be able to contribute to answering the question: whither restorative justice? The restorative justice (RJ) movement has arrived at an existential crossroads. In this contribution an attempt is made to analyse how some of the origins of the RJ movement could be located in the emergence and crystallization of a new form of life (“control society”) in the wake of the Second World War. At the heart of this form of life one might be able to discern, on the one hand, a desire for and will to radical sovereignty, and, on the other, a resulting awareness of ambivalence. Whilst these aspects of post-war life have formed the backdrop of developments in RJ, and have therefore formed part of its conditions of possibility, one might now wonder if, in a post-communicative age such as ours, those very aspects have now become part of its conditions of impossibility. The argument explored in this contribution however holds that elements in the aforementioned form of life also hold potential for the re-thinking of restorative justice theory and practice.

Keywords

Criminal Justice Restorative Justice Consumer Culture Radical Desire Creative Engagement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author wishes to thank Steve Hall for discussions on the topic of sovereignty. Without those discussions this paper would not have been written. He also thanks Ivo Aertsen and Brunilda Pali at the Universiteit Leuven in Belgium for prompting him to think about the issues mentioned in this contribution. The author also thanks the editor and Critical Criminology’s anonymous reviewers whose comments have significantly improved this contribution.

References

  1. Bataille, G. (2012) [1954] La Souveraineté. Paris: Lignes.Google Scholar
  2. Bauman, Z. (1991). Modernity and ambivalence. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman, Z. (1993). Postmodern ethics. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  4. Bauman, Z. (1995). Life in fragments. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  5. Bauman, Z. (2008). The art of life. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  6. Bergson, H. (1911) [1907] Creative evolution. New York: Henry Holt & Co.Google Scholar
  7. Bergson, H. (1967) [1932) Les Deux Sources de la Morale et de la Religion. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  8. Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, shame and reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Braithwaite, J. (2002). Restorative justice and responsive regulation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Camus, A. (1942). Le Mythe de Sisyphe. Paris: Les Editions Gallimard.Google Scholar
  11. Debord, G. (1967). La Société du Spectacle. Paris: Buchet-Chastel.Google Scholar
  12. Deleuze, G. (1995). Postscript on control societies. In G. Deleuze (Ed.), Negotiations (pp. 177–182). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Derrida, J. (2009). The beast and the sovereign (Vol. I). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  14. Derrida, J. (2011). The beast and the sovereign (Vol. II). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  15. Haan, W. De. (1990). The politics of redress. London: Unwin Hyman.Google Scholar
  16. Hamlin, J., & Hokamura, A. (2014). The cultural context of restorative justice. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law, 27(2), 291–310.Google Scholar
  17. Hesse, H. (1961) [1927) Steppenwolf. New York: Picador.Google Scholar
  18. Isaac, J. (1992). Arendt, Camus and modern rebellion. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Lyng, S. (2004). Crime, edgework and corporeal transaction. Theoretical Criminology, 8(3), 359–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maffesoli, M. (1996). The time of the tribes. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  21. Maruna, S. (2011). Lessons for justice reinvestment from restorative justice and the justice model experience. Criminology and Public Policy., 10(3), 661–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mathiesen, Th. (1974). The politics of abolition. London: Martin Robertson.Google Scholar
  23. Moon, C. (2004). Prelapsarian state: Forgiveness and reconciliation in transitional justice. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law, 17(2), 185–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pavlich, G. (1996). Justice fragmented. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pavlich, G. (2002). Towards an ethics of restorative justice. In L. Walgrave (Ed.), Restorative justice and the law. Devon: Willan.Google Scholar
  26. Pavlich, G. (2003). Deconstructing restoration. The promise of restorative justice. In G. Johnstone (Ed.), A restorative justice reader (pp. 451–460). Devon: Willan.Google Scholar
  27. Polizzi, D. (2011). Heidegger, restorative justice, and desistance: A phenomenological perspective. In R. Lippens & J. Hardie-Bick (Eds.), Crime, governance and existential predicaments (pp. 129–155). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  28. Richards, K. (2011). Restorative justice and ‘empowerment’. Producing and governing active subjects through ‘empowering’ practices. Critical Criminology, 19(2), 91–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sartre, J.-P. (2004) [1937] The transcendence of the ego. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  30. Sartre, J.-P. (2004) [1943] Being and nothingness. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  31. von Holtermann Holderstein, J. (2009). Outlining the shadow of the axe. On RJ and the use of trial and punishment. Criminal Law and Philosophy, 3, 187–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Young, J. (1999). The exclusive society. London: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CriminologyKeele UniversityKeeleUK

Personalised recommendations