Crime, Law and Social Change

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 305–318 | Cite as

Privatising the green police: the role of NGOs in wildlife law enforcement

  • Angus Nurse


This article examines the role of NGOs in wildlife law enforcement, drawing on empirical research conducted within UK environmental law enforcement but also drawing on a review of the academic literature and policy debates concerning NGOs and pressure group activity. It examines the theoretical basis for NGO actions and different policy perspectives, the ideologies employed by NGO's and how these manifest themselves in law enforcement policies and practice. While the focus of this essay is UK and US NGO activity with its professional enforcement activity and policy networks, the impact of wildlife and environmental NGOs is significant in a range of jurisdictions and is a vital component in effective policing of wildlife legislation.


Wildlife law Law enforcement NGO Green crime Policing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social SciencesBirmingham City UniversityPerry BarrUK

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