Anti-corruption agencies and the need for strategic approaches: a preface to this special issue
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The UN convention against corruption, also known as the Merida convention, came into force on the 14th December 2005 and constitutes the most comprehensive international instrument on this matter. It mandates independent anti-corruption bodies for States Parties. Such bodies may already exist and there may be more than one body in each jurisdiction. These may address prevention, analysis, law enforcement or a combination of these functions.
A new organization was created in April 2006 aiming to assist in the effective implementation of the UN convention and to bring representatives and activities of anti-corruption bodies together: the International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities (http://www.iaaca.org).
At the same time, many governments are motivated to demonstrate leadership and political will against corruption. One way of doing this is through the establishment of anti-corruption commissions and related bodies.
In this context, many new authorities have been designated...