Crime Opportunities Provided by Legislation in Market Sectors: Mobile Phones, Waste Disposal, Banking, Pharmaceuticals

  • Tom Vander Beken
  • Annelies Balcaen


Project Marc aims at developing a mechanism for assessing the risks of crime due to legislation and products in order to proof them against crime at EU level. Such a mechanism can only be developed on the basis of a true insight into the opportunities for crime provided by regulation. To gain such an insight, several market sectors were screened for their opportunities for crime and more specifically crime generated through the regulation of these market sectors. Case studies of four market sectors were carried out based on a literature scan and interviews with experts in the field. Risks created by the regulation of the market sectors are twofold: first, there are the risks for non-compliance with a specific regulation in the economic sector. This is the largest category and is created by problems inherent in the regulation itself. The second group of risks is the risk for side effects. Side effects occur when legislation is created with a certain purpose, but at the same time the legislation provides unwanted opportunities for crime. The risks created by the regulation may result in corruption, fraud, money laundering, infiltration of crime in the legal sector or other types of crime.

Key words

banking corruption crime proofing crime risk assessment mobile phones organised crime pharmaceutical waste disposal 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for International Research on Criminal PolicyGhent UniversityGentBelgium

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