Journal of Consumer Policy

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 279–300 | Cite as

Population, health and risk factors in a transitional economy

  • Dan Petrovici
  • Christopher Ritson
Original Paper


This paper investigates the health status of the population in a transition economy. Against a background of falling living standards compounded by the widening income inequality a deterioration of health status has been outlined. Drawing upon a consumer survey carried out in the capital Bucharest, risk factors are highlighted. Respondents’ age, income, and health motivation are the most significant variables which differentiate between smokers and non-smokers. Respondent’s age and sex are significant factors predicting the physical exercise status. Additionally, respondent’s level of education is a significant predictor of the time spent on physical exercise. The implications of the study for health policy makers are finally discussed.


Risk factors Smoking Physical exercise Health motivation Health policy 


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We acknowledge the advice of Dr. Fragkiskos Filippaios (University of Kent) in conducting statistical analysis in this paper. This research was undertaken with financial support from the European Union’s Phare ACE Programme. The content of the publication is the sole responsibility of the authors and it in no way represents the views of the Commission or its services.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kent Business SchoolCanterburyUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Agriculture BuildingUniversity of NewcastleNewcastle upon TyneUnited Kingdom

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