Mono- and Sesquiterpenoids from Artemisia juncea Growing in Uzbekistan
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Artemisia juncea Kar. et Kir. is a perennial semishrub of heights up to 60 cm that grows in Central Asia and Kazakhstan . Infusion of the herb is consumed in folk medicine for epilepsy, typhus, fever, and renal diseases and as an anti-inflammatory and anthelmintic agent. An oil infusion of the herb (in linseed or almond oil) is taken orally (1 tsp) for asthma, edema, and convulsions .
Volatile compounds from this species are practically unstudied. Essential oil of A. juncea (obtained by water distillation) growing in central Kazakhstan contained camphor, borneol, dihydrocarveol, and azulene-forming sesquiterpenes according to the literature . Populations of this species growing in Uzbekistan have not previously been investigated.
Recently, recommendations were made to compare the compositions of essential oils obtained via water- and steam-distillation with that of an extract obtained at room temperature via treatment of plant raw material with nonpolar solvents (petroleum...
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