Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Tripterospermum chinense
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Tripterospermum chinense (Migo) Harry Sm. is widely distributed in South China and is traditionally used for the treatment of cough, hemoptysis, and pulmonary disease by local inhabitants . The genus Tripterospermum comprises 25 species worldwide and is distributed primarily in East and South Asia. Nineteen species belonging to two sections are recognized in China, namely section Platyspermum C. J. Wu and section Tripterospermum .
There are several reports on the essential oils from species belonging to Gentianaceae. The volatile constituents of the aerial parts of Centaurium erythraea Rafn from Japan obtained by hydrodistillation were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. The terpenoid fraction represented more than half of the oil (14.4% monoterpenoids, 18.7% sesquiterpenoids, and 22.4% diterpenoids) . These differences might have been due to local, climatic, and seasonal factors. Methyllanceolin (1), (+)-catechin (2), (–)-epicatechin (3), kaempferol-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4),...
KeywordsCyclopropyl Secologanin Bergenin Isoorientin Isovitexin
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