Volatile Constituents of Senecio tenuifolius From India
The genus Senecio of the family Asteraceae consists of approximately 1,000 species worldwide, and in India it is represented by 43 species . Senecio tenuifolius Burm.f. is an erect, glabrous herb growing up to 50 cm height and commonly found on the dry hills of the Western Ghats from Konkan southwards to Kerala up to an altitude of 1500 m . In traditional medicine the leaves of this plant are used for emollient and vulnerary remedies .
Various solvent extracts of the leaves of S. tenuifolius, viz., hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol, including aqueous extracts, have been reported to have antimicrobial activity against one registered Staphylococcus aureus and two clinical isolates, methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus . The secondary metabolites pyrrolizidine, senkirkine, O-acetyl senkirkine, senecionine, and integerrimine have been identified from S. tenuifolius . The essential oil compositions of endemic species of the genus Senecio...
KeywordsBornyl Acetate Caryophyllene Oxide Senecionine Senkirkine Glabrous Herb
The author is grateful to the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India for providing necessary facilities.
- 1.P. K. Hajra, R. R. Rao, D. K. Singh, and B. P. Uniyal, Flora of India, Vol. 13, BSI Publication, Kolkata, India, 1995, p. 239.Google Scholar
- 2.T. Pullaiah, Encyclopaedia of World Medicinal Plants, Regency Publication, New Delhi, 2006, pp. 1783.Google Scholar
- 8.R. K. Joshi, Maejo Int. J. Sci. Technol., 8, 161 (2014).Google Scholar
- 13.R. P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, Allured, Carol Stream (IL), 2007.Google Scholar