Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Activity, and Brine Shrimp Lethality Test of Essential Oil from the Leaves of Eugenia natalitia
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Eugenia natalitia Sond. (Myrtaceae) is a shrub or small to medium-sized tree (ca. 5–10 m in height) found in coastal and montane evergreen forests of Southern Africa [1, 2]. It is a glabrous shrub or small tree, hairless throughout, copiously finely gland-dotted with opposite leaves. The authors are unaware of any literature reports on the biological potentials the plants might have exhibited or any chemical constituents it possesses. This paper reports the volatile compounds identified in the essential oil of the aerial part of E. natalitia from South Africa. Previous studies on the essential oil components of this plant species have been reported .
Fresh leaves of E. natalitiawere collected beside the Botanical Garden, Department of Botany, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, in March 2008. It was identified by Mrs. N. R. Ntuli of the same department. A voucher specimen [LAWAL, OA-25 (ZULU)] was deposited in the Herbarium of the University. The...
KeywordsNalidixic Acid Brine Shrimp Sabinene Artemia Salina Agar Disc Diffusion
O. A. Lawal is grateful to University of Zululand Research Committee and Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria for granting the leave to pursue this research. Mr. K. M. Odeleye is acknowledged for technical assistance.
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