Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 731–733 | Cite as

Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Activity, and Brine Shrimp Lethality Test of Essential Oil from the Leaves of Eugenia natalitia

  • O. A. Lawal
  • I. A. Ogunwande
  • M. S. Owolabi
  • A. R. Opoku
  • A. O. Oyedeji

Eugenia natalitia Sond. (Myrtaceae) is a shrub or small to medium-sized tree (ca. 5–10 m in height) found in coastal and montane evergreen forests of Southern Africa [1, 2]. It is a glabrous shrub or small tree, hairless throughout, copiously finely gland-dotted with opposite leaves. The authors are unaware of any literature reports on the biological potentials the plants might have exhibited or any chemical constituents it possesses. This paper reports the volatile compounds identified in the essential oil of the aerial part of E. natalitia from South Africa. Previous studies on the essential oil components of this plant species have been reported [3].

Fresh leaves of E. natalitiawere collected beside the Botanical Garden, Department of Botany, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, in March 2008. It was identified by Mrs. N. R. Ntuli of the same department. A voucher specimen [LAWAL, OA-25 (ZULU)] was deposited in the Herbarium of the University. The...


Nalidixic Acid Brine Shrimp Sabinene Artemia Salina Agar Disc Diffusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



O. A. Lawal is grateful to University of Zululand Research Committee and Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria for granting the leave to pursue this research. Mr. K. M. Odeleye is acknowledged for technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. A. Lawal
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. A. Ogunwande
    • 2
  • M. S. Owolabi
    • 2
  • A. R. Opoku
    • 3
  • A. O. Oyedeji
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of ZululandKwaDlangezwaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Natural Products Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceLagos State UniversityOjoNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry & MicrobiologyUniversity of ZululandKwaDlangezwaSouth Africa
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry and Chemical TechnologyWater Sisulu UniversityMthathaSouth Africa

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