Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 472–474 | Cite as

Chemical Compositions of Fruit and Dry Aqueous Extract of Ziziphus jujuba

  • D. B. Mirakilova
  • D. A. Rakhimov
  • U. M. Azizov

Fruit of Ziziphus jujuba has long been used in folk medicine as a hypotensive agent for treating hypertension and diuretic; for diseases of the upper respiratory tract; as a tonic agent; and for fever, asthma, throat diseases, and infectious intestinal diseases. Tincture of the fruit is used for chest pain, cough, smallpox, diarrhea, and anemia [1]. The carbohydrate composition of Z. jujuba fruit has not previously been studied.

The raw material for producing the dry extract was ripe fruits of Z. jujuba that were collected in 2014 in Xorezm Region. Fruit was separated into pulp (94.60%) and seeds (5.32%).

Pulp was extracted sequentially with EtOH (80°) to isolate sugars soluble in alcohol (SSA); H2O at room temperature, water-soluble polysaccharides (WSPS); oxalic acid and ammonium oxalate, pectinic substances (PS), and NaOH solution, hemicellulose (HMC). The protein content in Z. jujuba was 8.9%.

Polysaccharides were precipitated from the extracts by EtOH. Mono- and oligosaccharides...


Xylose EtOH Pectin Arabinose Galacturonic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Abu Ali ibn Sina, Plant Drugs. Guide [in Russian], Izd. Med. Literatury im. Abu Ali ibn Sino, 2003, 314 pp.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. G. Kovalenko and O. D. Kurilenko, Ukr. Khim. Zh., 31, 175 (1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. P. Filippov, Infrared Spectra of Pectinic Substances [in Russian], Shtiintsa, Kishinev, 1978, 14 pp.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. K. Karandashev, A. N. Turapov, T. A. Orlova, A. E. Lezhnev, S. V. Nosenko, N. I. Zolotareva, and N. R. Moskvina, Zavod. Lab. Diagn. Mater., 73, 12 (2007).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. M. Butin, K. B. Bazhykova, and B. M. Izteleu, Khim. Zh. Kaz., 4, 11 (2006).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. A. Rakhimov, M. P. Filippov, D. F. Shepel', A. Sh. Khusenov, O. Sh. Kadirov, and G. G. Rakhmanberdiev, Kime va Kimevii Tekhnol., 4, 69(2009).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. D. Shcherbukhin, Usp. Biol. Nauk, 9, 198 (1968).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    U. M. Azizov, D. B. Mirakilova, N. T. Umarova, S. A. Salikhov, D. A. Rakhimov, and L. G. Mezhlumyan, Chem. Nat. Compd., 43, 508 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. A. Kochetov, Practical Handbook of Enzymology [in Russian], Vysshaya Shkola, Moscow, 1980, 259 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Mirakilova
    • 1
  • D. A. Rakhimov
    • 2
  • U. M. Azizov
    • 1
  1. 1.A. Sultanov Uzbek Scientific-Research Chemico-Pharmaceutical InstituteTashkentUzbekistan
  2. 2.S. Yu. Yunusov Institute of the Chemistry of Plant SubstancesAcademy of Sciences of the Republic of UzbekistanTashkentUzbekistan

Personalised recommendations