Characterization and Quantification of Polyphenolic Compounds from Adenium Obesum Leaves
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Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. is a deciduous succulent shrub or small tree that belongs to the Apocynaceae family . Also known as desert rose, this species occurs naturally in a wide area of Africa as well as in certain regions of the Arabian Peninsula. The plant is extensively prescribed in traditional medicine to treat several ailments including skin infections, venereal diseases, lice infestation, or rhinitis . Several chemical analyses have led to the identification of numerous cardenolide glycosides, steroids, and triterpene derivatives [3, 4, 5, 6]. However, the phenolic composition of A. obesum has been poorly investigated and only two flavonol derivatives have been reported so far . The present study aimed thus at performing a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the phenolic content of the leaves of this species.
In this way, leaves of A. obesumwere collected at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in September 2012 and identified by Dr. C. Gnoula. A voucher...
KeywordsRutin Chlorogenic Acid Kaempferol Total Flavonoid Content Cardenolide
The authors gratefully acknowledge Bernard Lyan for technical support with mass spectrometry.
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