Tissue Carotinoid Composition of the Far-East Bivalve Mollusk Anadara broughtoni
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Hydrobionts of marine and freshwater aquifers, especially invertebrates such as crustaceans, mollusks, and echinoderms (sea cucumbers and urchins), differ from many terrestrial and aquatic organisms by having a large variety of metabolites that are dominated by functionalized compounds [1, 2]. The functionalized compounds include carotinoids, phospholipids, saponins, and polyunsaturated ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids (PUFA) that exhibit antioxidant (AOA), immunomodulating, radioprotective, hypolipidemic, and antitumor activity [3, 4]. This prompted studies of the lipids , amino acids , and other biologically active classes including carotinoids .
Marine organisms, in contrast to terrestrial ones, contain carotinoids with a broad array of functional groups and chemical bonds, which increases the reactivity toward active oxygen species and free radicals . The most potent carotinoidantioxidants may occur in organisms that are resistant to hypoxia, anoxia, and thermal and salt stress...
KeywordsZeaxanthin Bivalve Mollusk Trihydroxy Quantitative Content Me2CO
The work was sponsored by the Russian Scientific Foundation (Project No. 14-50-00034).
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