Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 999–1000 | Cite as

Diverse Terpenoids from the Leaves of Clerodendrum trichotomum

  • Rui-Lan Xu
  • Hai-Long Jiang
  • Rui Wang
  • Yan-Ping Shi

Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb., whose leaves and twigs are known in Chinese as “Chou-Wu-Tong” due to the unpleasant smell, belongs to the Verbenaceae family. Its roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits have been used as medicine due to their antihypertensive, sedative, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties [1]. Pharmacological studies on this plant have suggested that the diterpenoids exhibit distinct feeding stimulant activity to the adult turnip sawfly [2] and that these triterpenoids have potential as an antibacterial agent [3]. In the course of our study on the systematic chemical constituents of the EtOH extract of the leaves of C. trichotomum, a series of steroids [4] and cyclohexylethanoids [5], together with diverse terpenoids (1–15), including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids, and triterpenoids, were isolated and elucidated by a comprehensive analysis of the spectral data, including NMR and ESI-MS, and comparison of their NMR data with those in the...


CDCl3 EtOH Gansu Province Betulinic Acid Lupeol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21375136 and 81303202).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui-Lan Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hai-Long Jiang
    • 1
  • Rui Wang
    • 1
  • Yan-Ping Shi
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources of the CAS and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouP. R. China
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP. R. China

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