Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 771–772 | Cite as

GC-MS Analysis of Some Bioactive Constituents from the Marine Sponge Spongosorites halichondriodes

  • Maushmi S. Kumar
  • Asim K. Pal

Sponges have proved to be a rich source of sterols with unusual structural features [1,2]. They are also a rich source of structurally unusual and interesting fatty acids and steryl esters. To analyze and extract phylogenetic information from chemical characters, the 3β-hydroxysterol composition of Halichondria lutea, H. magniconulosa, Topsentia ophiraphidites, and Petromica ciocalyptoides (family Halichondriidae) were studied. Three out of four Halichondriidae species were related by a unique sterol property. The diversity of sterols found in the studied species of Halichondrida confirms the usual pattern in Porifera [3]. A close relationship between Topsentia and Petromica has already been drawn from morphology [4] and from similarity in secondary metabolite composition [5]. In contrast, the two studied species of Halichondriacame out separately in the analysis, not sharing a sterol synapomorphy, further evidencing the fact that this genus has been mainly defined by primitive...


Marine Sponge Steryl Ester Octadecadienoic Acid Butanol Extract Main Sterol 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fish Nutrition, Biochemistry and Physiology, Central Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia

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