Advertisement

Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 771–772 | Cite as

GC-MS Analysis of Some Bioactive Constituents from the Marine Sponge Spongosorites halichondriodes

  • Maushmi S. Kumar
  • Asim K. Pal
Article

Sponges have proved to be a rich source of sterols with unusual structural features [1,2]. They are also a rich source of structurally unusual and interesting fatty acids and steryl esters. To analyze and extract phylogenetic information from chemical characters, the 3β-hydroxysterol composition of Halichondria lutea, H. magniconulosa, Topsentia ophiraphidites, and Petromica ciocalyptoides (family Halichondriidae) were studied. Three out of four Halichondriidae species were related by a unique sterol property. The diversity of sterols found in the studied species of Halichondrida confirms the usual pattern in Porifera [3]. A close relationship between Topsentia and Petromica has already been drawn from morphology [4] and from similarity in secondary metabolite composition [5]. In contrast, the two studied species of Halichondriacame out separately in the analysis, not sharing a sterol synapomorphy, further evidencing the fact that this genus has been mainly defined by primitive...

Keywords

Marine Sponge Steryl Ester Octadecadienoic Acid Butanol Extract Main Sterol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    R. G. Kerr and B. J. Baker, Nat. Prod. Rep., 8, 465 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. J. Baker and R. G. Kerr, Biosynthesis of Marine Sterols, in: Marine Natural Products–Diversity and Biosynthesis, P. J. Scheuer (ed.), Springer–Verlag, Berlin, 1993, pp. 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. R. Bergquist, W. Hofheinz, and G. Oesterhelt, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 8, 423 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. C. Diaz, R. W. M. Van Soest, and S. A. Pomponi, A Systematic Revision of the Central-Atlantic Halichondrida (Demospongiae, Porifera). Part I: Evaluation of Characters and Diagnosis of Genera, Springer–Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991, pp. 134–149.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Pomponi, A. E. Wright, M. C. Diaz, and R. W. M. Van Soest, A Systematic Revision of the Central Atlantic Halichondrida (Demospongiae, Porifera). Part II: Patterns of distribution of secondary metabolites, Springer–Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1991, pp. 150–158.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. W. M. Van Soest, Toward a Phylogenetic Classification of Sponges, in: New Perspectives in Sponge Biology, K. Rutzler (ed.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1990, pp. 344–348.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Castellanos, S. Zea, O. Osorno, and C. Duque, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 31, 1163 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. A. Santalova, T. N. Makarieva, I. A. Gorshkova, A. S. Dmitrenok, V. B. Krasokhin, and V. A. Stonik, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 153 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. Costantino, E. Fattorusso, A. Mangoni, and M. Pansini, Steroids, 60 (11), 768 (1995).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Bao, P. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Hong, C. O. Lee, and J. H. Jung, Mar. Drugs, 5 (2), 31 (2007).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Shin, Y. Seo, K. W. Cho, J. R. Rho, and C. J. Sim, J. Nat. Prod., 62 (4), 647 (1999).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. B. Oh, W. Mar, S. Kim, J. Y. Kim, T. H. Lee, J. G. Kim, D. Shin, C. J. Sim, and J. Shin, Biol. Pharm. Bull., 29 (3), 570 (2006).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Rodriguez, O. Osorno, F. A. Ramos, C. Duque, and S. Zea, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 38 (4), 774 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. K. Shubina, T. N. Makarieva, A. I. Kalinovsky, and V. A. Stonik, Khim. Prir. Soedin., 232 (1985).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. K. Shubina, T. N. Makarieva, and V. A. Stonik, Khim. Prir. Soedin., 715 (1985).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. N. Makarieva, V. A. Stonik, L. P. Ponomarenko, and A. I. Kalinovsky, J. Chem. Res., 468 (1996).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fish Nutrition, Biochemistry and Physiology, Central Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations