Lipids of introduced plants Helleborus abchasicus and H. caucasicus
- 72 Downloads
Neutral (NL) and polar (PL) lipids including glyco- (GL) and phospholipids (PhL) were isolated and their contents were determined from seeds and rhizomes with roots (RR) of Helleborus abchasicus and H. caucasicus in two development phases that were introduced into Pyatigorsk Botanical Garden. The amount of NL in subterranean organs increased from flowering to fruiting phases. The PL content in roots of H. abchasicus increased during fruiting and was independent of the vegetation stage in H. caucasicus. GL dominated in RR. The GL and PhL ratio in seeds was practically identical. The fatty-acid composition of all lipid groups in the two development phases of the introduced plants was determined. Subterranean organs and seeds of the two Helleborus species contained alkaloids, a part of which was extracted with the PL. The alkaloid content in RR during fruiting was 0.63% in H. abchasicus; 0.49%, in seed pulp; 0.26%, in H. caucasicus; and 0.05% in seed pulp of the starting raw material mass.
KeywordsHelleborus abchasicus H. caucasicus Ranunculaceae lipids
The work was supported financially by a grant of the RF President for leading scientific schools NSh-7014,2012.3.
- 1.E. P. Kemertelidze, Khim. Interesakh Ustoich. Razvit., 16, 77 (2008).Google Scholar
- 2.S. S. Chukuridi and A. N. Bakalov, Subtrop. Dekorat. Sadovodstvo, 1, 188 (2009).Google Scholar
- 3.E. P. Kemertelidze and Ts. M. Dalakashvili, Biologically Active Lipids of Several Plants Growing in Georgia [in Russian], Metsniereba, Tbilisi, 1996, 25 pp.Google Scholar
- 4.S. Yu. Yunusov, Alkaloids [in Russian], Fan, Tashkent, 1981, 418 pp.Google Scholar
- 5.S. Ya. Zolotnitskaya, Medicinal Resources of the Flora of Armenia [in Russian], Vol. 2, Akad. Nauk ArSSR, Erevan, 1965, 327 pp.Google Scholar
- 6.Handbook of Study Methods, Technical Chemical Control, and Production Accounting in the Oil-Fat Industry [in Russian], Vol. 2, VNIIZh, Leningrad, 1965, pp. 146, 152.Google Scholar
- 7.Technical Chemical Control and Production Accounting in the Oil-Recovery and Fat-Reprocessing Industry [in Russian], Vol. 1, Pishchepromizdat, Moscow, 1958, 306 pp.Google Scholar
- 8.Z. V. Ishchenko and O. N. Denisenko, in: Development, Study, and Marketing of New Pharmaceuticals [in Russian], Pyatigorsk, 2012, No. 67, 46 pp.Google Scholar
- 9.M. Kates, Techniques of Lipidology: Isolation, Analysis, and Identification of Lipids, Elsevier, New York, 1972, 342 pp.Google Scholar
- 10.E. Stahl (ed.), Thin-Layer Chromatography: A Laboratory Handbook (translated from the German), Academic, New York, 1965, 553 pp.Google Scholar
- 11.L. F. Fieser and M. Fieser, Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Wiley, New York, 1967, 1457 pp.Google Scholar