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Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 88–90 | Cite as

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Study of Unsaturated Fatty Acids from Carthamus tinctorius Seed Oil

  • N. T. Ul′chenko
  • S. D. Gusakova
  • Sh. K. Khidoyatova
Article

Arable lands in Uzbekistan are currently designated partly for sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) (Asteraceae) in order to expand the variety of plant oils [1]. The most important parameters of safflower oil obtained from shelled seeds are comparable to those of sunflower [2] and differ from those of other food oils by a higher (up to 80%) content of essential α-linoleic [18:2ω6 or 18:2 (9Z,12Z)] acid, which fulfills a multifunctional role in man [3]. It was reported previously that safflower oil contains also in trace quantities conjugated positional and geometric isomers of α-linoleic acid (common term CLA). The 18:2 (9Z,11E) isomer is one of the principal ones [4].

Isomers of α-18:2 with a trans,trans- or trans,cis-system of conjugated double bonds are practically never encountered in seed oils of higher plants. Seed oil of Chilopis linearis (Bignoniaceae) is known to contain 9% 18:2 (10E,12E) acid [5]. CLA are found in other plant oils in...

Keywords

Cocoa Butter Positional Isomer Octadecenoic Acid Seed Lipid Carthamus Tinctorius 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. T. Ul′chenko
    • 1
  • S. D. Gusakova
    • 1
  • Sh. K. Khidoyatova
    • 1
  1. 1.S. Yu. Yunusov Institute of the Chemistry of Plant SubstancesAcademy of Sciences of the Republic of UzbekistanTashkentRepublic of Uzbekistan

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