Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 88–90 | Cite as

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Study of Unsaturated Fatty Acids from Carthamus tinctorius Seed Oil

  • N. T. Ul′chenko
  • S. D. Gusakova
  • Sh. K. Khidoyatova

Arable lands in Uzbekistan are currently designated partly for sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) (Asteraceae) in order to expand the variety of plant oils [1]. The most important parameters of safflower oil obtained from shelled seeds are comparable to those of sunflower [2] and differ from those of other food oils by a higher (up to 80%) content of essential α-linoleic [18:2ω6 or 18:2 (9Z,12Z)] acid, which fulfills a multifunctional role in man [3]. It was reported previously that safflower oil contains also in trace quantities conjugated positional and geometric isomers of α-linoleic acid (common term CLA). The 18:2 (9Z,11E) isomer is one of the principal ones [4].

Isomers of α-18:2 with a trans,trans- or trans,cis-system of conjugated double bonds are practically never encountered in seed oils of higher plants. Seed oil of Chilopis linearis (Bignoniaceae) is known to contain 9% 18:2 (10E,12E) acid [5]. CLA are found in other plant oils in...


Cocoa Butter Positional Isomer Octadecenoic Acid Seed Lipid Carthamus Tinctorius 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. T. Ul′chenko
    • 1
  • S. D. Gusakova
    • 1
  • Sh. K. Khidoyatova
    • 1
  1. 1.S. Yu. Yunusov Institute of the Chemistry of Plant SubstancesAcademy of Sciences of the Republic of UzbekistanTashkentRepublic of Uzbekistan

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