Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the volatile oils from Artemisia turcomanica
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The genus Artemisia from the family Asteraceae is a genus of small herbs or shrubs and is represented by 34 species growing in different parts of Iran, of which two are endemic . This perennial herb, distributed in different regions of Iran and China, has been of great interest to Iranian and Chinese folk medicine.
To the best of our knowledge, a detailed investigation of the aroma volatiles of A. turcomanica Gand. has not yet been undertaken. Previously two new germacranolides and several known sesquiterpene lactones have been isolated from the methanol extract of A. turcomanica . The aim of the present work was to investigate the chemical profile of A. turcomanica essential oils by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and to determine their antibacterial activities.
KeywordsCamphor Linalool Sesquiterpene Lactone Borneol Methyl Eugenol
We are grateful to Dr. V. Mozaffarian (Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran) for helpful assistance in collecting plant material and botanical identification. Also we would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the Research Council of Shahid Beheshti University.
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