Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 441–442 | Cite as

Essential oil composition of Anacardium occidentale from Nigeria

  • Ana Dzamic
  • Adebayo Gbolade
  • Mihailo Ristic
  • Petar D. Marin

Anacardium occidentale L. (Anacardiaceae) is a multipurpose tree growing up to 8–10 m. It is native to the Amazon but is now dispersed in all tropical countries where it is cultivated [1]. The bark, fruit juice, and leaves of the tree are used medicinally, particularly in treating yaws and diarrhea, and the cashew nut has international appeal and market value as a food [1]. The fruit, apart from being delicious, is a richer source of vitamin C than oranges. The species is also esteemed as a reforestation species. Biological activities, including hypoglycemic [2], antimicrobial [3], molluscicidal [4], and leishmanial [5], has been reported for A. occidentale. The essential oil constituents of this plant growing in Brazil [6] and Malaysia [7] have also been investigated.

The results of chemical analysis of the A. occidentale leaf essential oil are presented in Table  1. Sixty-five compounds, which represent 98.5% of total oil, were identified. The oil is composed mainly of monoterpenes...


Methyl Salicylate Germacrene Spathulenol Tiglate Globulol 
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The authors from Serbia are grateful to the Ministry of Science of Serbia for financial support (Grant No. 143049 and Grant No.143041).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Dzamic
    • 1
  • Adebayo Gbolade
    • 2
  • Mihailo Ristic
    • 3
  • Petar D. Marin
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Biology, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden “Jevremovac”University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of PharmacyOlabisi Onabanjo UniversitySagamu campusNigeria
  3. 3.Institute for Medicinal Plant Research “Dr Josif Pancic”BelgradeSerbia

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