Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Heliotropium europaeum
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The genus Heliotropium (Boraginaceae) comprises 47 species distributed in Iran . Heliotropium europaeum L. (Syn: Heliotropium lasiocarpum Fisch.& Mey., Heliotropium tenuiflorum Bunge) has been found in Azerbaijan, Fars, Golestan, Hamadan, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kurdestann, Lurestan, Mazandaran, Qazvin, and Tehran Provinces of Iran [2, 3]. In Iranian traditional medicine, H. europaeum is used as antipyretic, cholagogue, emmenagogue, cardiotonic, and anthelmintic, in the treatment of headache and gout, and in external uses for the healing of wounds and treatment of warts . This plant has also carcinogenic and hepatotoxic effects . Some species of Heliotropium have been investigated for pyrrolizidine alkaloids and their N-oxides, sterols, flavonoids, and triterpenoids [5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11].
We found H. europaeum L. in Mazandaran province of Iran. A literature survey has shown that there is no report on the volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity of H. europaeum; thus we...
KeywordsAntimicrobial Activity Gout Candida Albicans Amikacin Anhydrous Sodium Sulfate
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