Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 374–377 | Cite as

Essential oil composition of four Hypericum species from Iran

  • K. Javidnia
  • R. Miri
  • M. Soltani
  • M. Gholami
  • A. R. Khosravi

The genus Hypericum L. comprises about 450 species which occur in all temperate parts of the world [1]. In Iran, 19 species of 5 sections exist, two of which are endemic [2]. The most commercially important member of this genus, H. perforatum L., is used as a valuable medicinal plant for nervous exhaustion, depression, and seasonal affective disorders [3]. This genus contains a wide range of different natural product classes, including naphthodianthrones (e.g., hypericin), prenylated phloroglucinols (e.g., hyperforin), xanthones, flavonoids, biflavonoids, tannins, proanthocyanidins, and phenolic acids [4]. Hypericum helianthemoides (Spach) Boiss., H. hirtellum (Spach) Boiss., H. scabrum L., and H. dogonbadanicum Assadi. are four Hypericum species whose oils have been subjected to analysis in this article. H. dogonbadanicum, the only member of the section Campylusporus in Iran, is a narrow endemic plant confined to mountainous regions NE of Gachsaran city, SW of Iran; the other three...


Hypericin Major Compound Xanthone Caryophyllene Hyperforin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by a grant from Iran National Scientific Funding (Grant No. 84085).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Javidnia
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Miri
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Soltani
    • 1
  • M. Gholami
    • 1
  • A. R. Khosravi
    • 3
  1. 1.Medicinal & Natural Product Chemistry Research CentreShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  2. 2.Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of PharmacyShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesShiraz UniversityShirazIran

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