Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 408–411 | Cite as

Essential oil of Laurus nobilis from Montenegro

  • N. N. Kovacevic
  • M. D. Simic
  • M. S. Ristic


Steam distilled oil from the shoots, separated leaves, and stem, as well as from the flower of laurel (Laurus nobilis), grown in Montenegro, were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The yield of essential oil was as follow: 1.4% in young shoots, 1.5% in the separated leaves, and 0.7% in separated stems. The main constituents of all investigated oils were 1,8-cineole, methyleugenol, and α-terpinyl acetate. Besides, α-pinene, β-pinene, sabinene, and linalool were also present. It was interesting and important for commercial samples of laurel essential oil that there was no significant difference among the essential oil obtained from young shoots and those obtained from leaves and stem. The main constituents of the flower oil were 1,8-cineole (15.7%), β-caryophyllene (9.5%), γ-muurolene (7.1%), α-terpinyl acetate (6.5%), and methyleugenol (3.9%).

Key words

Laurus nobilis shoot leaves stem essential oil composition sabinene 1,8-cineole alpha-terpinyl acetate methyleugenol 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    T. G. Tutin, Laurus L. in T. G. Tutin, V. H. Heywood, N. A. Burges, D. H. Valentine, S. M. Walters, and D. A. Webb, (ed.), Flora Europaea, Cambridge University Press, 1964, pp. 246.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. LaGow (ed.), PDR for Herbal Medicines, Thomson PDR, Montvale, 2004, pp. 500.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mrs. M. Grieve, A Modern Herbal, Volume II (I–Z), Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1982, pp. 464–465.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. M. Lawrence, Progress in Essential Oil, Perfumer and Flavorist, Carol Stream IL, 1999, 24, pp. 60–63.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. Kovacevic, Proucavanje osobina lovora (Laurus nobilis) u cilju proizvodnje etarskog ulja, Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Agricurtural Science, University of Belgrade, 1993.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Hokwerda, R. Bos, D. H. E. Tattje, and Th. M. Malingre, Planta Med., 44, 116 (1982).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    JUS E.B3.021, Lauri folium, 1963Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry, Allured Publ. Corp., Carol Stream IL, 2001.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Flamini, P. L. Cioni, and I. Morelli, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 4647 (2002).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Kilic, H. Hafizioglu, H. Kollmannsberger, and S. Nitz, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 1601 (2004).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Kovacevic
    • 1
  • M. D. Simic
    • 1
  • M. S. Ristic
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of PharmacyBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute for Medicinal Plant Research “Dr Josif Pancic”BelgradeSerbia

Personalised recommendations