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Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 588–591 | Cite as

HPLC-MS Screening of the Antioxidant Profile of Italian Olive Cultivars

  • G. Sivakumar
  • C. Briccoli Bati
  • N. Uccella
Article

Abstract

Freeze-dried olive fruits from Italian cultivars such as Carolea, Cassanese, and Coratina were analyzed by HPLC-MS. During different stages of maturation of olive fruits, the biophenolic (antioxidant) composition was examined. Twelve biophenolic compounds, viz. hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, oleoside 11-methyl ester, demethyloleuropein, verbascoside, demethylligstoside, oleacin, oleuropeindiale, demethyloleuropeindiale, oleuropein, ligstroside, and elenolate were identified by HPLC-MS. Oleuropein, the major olive fruit soluble biophenolic fraction, decreased significantly during fruit maturation and showed significant differences between olive cultivars. Coratina drupes extracted from October month contained a higher amount of biophenols than other mono-cultivar extracted drupes.

Key words

antioxidant beta glucosidase demethyloleuropein oleuropein olive 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Sivakumar
    • 1
  • C. Briccoli Bati
    • 2
  • N. Uccella
    • 3
  1. 1.ENEA, Biotech GenomicsCasaccia, RomeItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Sperimentale per la Olive coltura, C. Da Li RocchiRende (CS)Italy
  3. 3.CIRASAIACalabria UniversityArcavacata, Rende (CS)Italy

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