The present study aimed to explore the relationship between perceived social support and psychological resilience levels of caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. The study was designed as a descriptive relational study and conducted in Community Mental Health Center. Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were used for data collection. There were significant, positive and high correlations between RSA and MSPSS. Findings of this study may be referenced in the development of resilience-based nursing caring models in the future.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Adelman, R. D., Tmanova, L. L., Delgado, D., Dion, S., & Lachs, M. S. (2014). Caregiver burden: A clinical review. JAMA,311(10), 1052–1060.
Arslantaş, H., & Adana, F. (2011). The burden of schizophrenia on caregivers. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar-Current Approaches in Psychiatry,3(2), 251–277.
Arslantaş, H., Dereboy, İ. F., Aştı, N., & Pektekin, Ç. (2011). Factors influencing adults' psychological help-seeking attitudes. ADÜ Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi,12(1), 17–23.
Basim, H. N., & Cetin, F. (2011). The reliability and validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults-Turkish Version. Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi,22(2), 104–114.
Bektaş, M., & Özben, Ş. (2016). An investigation of the psychological resilience levels of married individuals’ in terms of some socio demographic variables. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi,14(1), 216–240.
Bergström, J., van Winsen, R., & Henriqson, E. (2015). On the rationale of resilience in the domain of safety: A literature review. Reliability Engineering & System Safety,141, 131–141.
Caqueo-Urízar, A., Urzúa, A., Jamett, P. R., & Irarrazaval, M. (2016). Objective and subjective burden in relatives of patients with schizophrenia and its influence on care relationships in Chile. Psychiatry Research,237, 361–365.
Chrostek, A., Grygiel, P., Anczewska, M., Wciórka, J., & Świtaj, P. (2016). The intensity and correlates of the feelings of loneliness in people with psychosis. Comprehensive Psychiatry,70, 190–199.
Chen, L. F., Liu, J., Zhang, J., & Lu, X. Q. (2016). Non-pharmacological interventions for caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: A meta-analysis. Psychiatry research,235, 123–127.
Doval, N., Sharma, E., Agarwal, M., Tripathi, A., & Nischal, A. (2018). Experience of caregiving and coping in caregivers of Schizophrenia. Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses,12(3), 113–120.
Eker, D., & Arkar, H. (1995). Factorial structure, validity and reability of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi,34, 45–55.
Friborg, O., Hjemdal, O., Rosenvinge, J. H., & Martinussen, M. (2003). A new rating scale for adult resilience: What are the central protective resources behind healthy adjustment? International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 12(2), 65–76.
Gater, A., Rofail, D., Tolley, C., Marshall, C., Abetz-Webb, L., Zarit, S. H., et al. (2014). “Sometimes it’s difficult to have a normal life”: Results from a qualitative study exploring caregiver burden in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research and Treatment,368215, 1–13.
Gooding, P. A., Littlewood, D., Owen, R., Johnson, J., & Tarrier, N. (2019). Psychological resilience in people experiencing schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Journal of Mental Health,28(6), 597–603.
Henry, C. S., Sheffield Morris, A., & Harrist, A. W. (2015). Family resilience: Moving into the third wave. Family Relations,64(1), 22–43.
Kate, N., Grover, S., Kulhara, P., & Nehra, R. (2013). Relationship of caregiver burden with coping strategies, social support, psychological morbidity, and quality of life in the caregivers of schizophrenia. Asian Journal of Psychiatry,6(5), 380–388.
Kulhara, P., Kate, N., Grover, S., & Nehra, R. (2012). Positive aspects of caregiving in schizophrenia: A review. World Journal of Psychiatry,2(3), 43.
Lawn, S., & McMahon, J. (2014). The importance of relationship in understanding the experiences of spouse mental health carers. Qualitative Health Research,24(2), 254–266.
Lima, I. C. S., & de Andrade Lima, S. B. (2017). Experiencing feelings and weaknesses of care in schizophrenia: Family caregivers’ vision. Revista de Pesquisa: Cuidado É Fundamental Online,9(4), 1081–1086.
Ribé, J. M., Salamero, M., Pérez-Testor, C., Mercadal, J., Aguilera, C., & Cleris, M. (2018). Quality of life in family caregivers of schizophrenia patients in Spain: Caregiver characteristics, caregiving burden, family functioning, and social and professional support. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice,22(1), 25–33.
Sin, J., Gillard, S., Spain, D., Cornelius, V., Chen, T., & Henderson, C. (2017). Effectiveness of psychoeducational interventions for family carers of people with psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review,56, 13–24.
Slaunwhite, A. K., Ronis, S. T., Sun, Y., & Peters, P. A. (2017). The emotional health and well-being of Canadians who care for persons with mental health or addictions problems. Health & Social Care in the Community,25(3), 840–847.
Ülker Tümlü, G., & Recepoğlu, E. (2013). The relationship between psychological resilience and life satisfaction of University Academic Staf. Journal of Higher Education & Science/Yüksekögretim ve Bilim Dergisi,3(3), 205–213. (in Turkish).
Villalobos, B. T., Ullman, J., Krick, T. W., Alcántara, D., Kopelowicz, A., & López, S. R. (2017). Caregiver criticism, help-giving, and the burden of schizophrenia among Mexican American families. British Journal of Clinical Psychology,56(3), 273–285.
Walker, F. R., Pfingst, K., Carnevali, L., Sgoifo, A., & Nalivaiko, E. (2017). In the search for integrative biomarker of resilience to psychological stress. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews,74, 310–320.
Walsh, F. (2016). Applying a family resilience framework in training, practice, and research: Mastering the art of the possible. Family Process,55(4), 616–632.
Yağmur, T., & Türkmen, S. N. (2017). Stress and psychological resilience in family cargiver of patients with mental illness perceived. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi,4(1), 542–548. (in Turkish).
Zauszniewski, J. A., Bekhet, A. K., & Suresky, M. J. (2009). Effects on resilience of women family caregivers of adults with serious mental illness: The role of positive cognitions. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing,23(6), 412–422.
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30–41.
We are grateful to all the caregivers who participated in this study. This study received external funding from Selcuk University Scientific Research Project Unit (ProjectNumber: 17401018).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Ethical approval was obtained from the Selçuk University Faculty of Health Sciences Non- Interventional Research Ethics Committee.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Lök, N., Bademli, K. The Relationship Between the Perceived Social Support and Psychological Resilience in Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-020-00665-w
- Social support
- Psychiatric nurse