Integrating Scale Data and Patient Perspectives for Assessing Functionality in Schizophrenia
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There is a growing body of literature devoted to evaluating functionality when planning the psychosocial rehabilitation of patients with schizophrenia. Until recently, psychological scales have been the predominant source of information, whereas patients’ perceptions about the most disruptive limitations on their daily life were not considered. The aim of this paper is to illustrate how the integration of the perspectives of patients and patients’ relatives improves the evaluation of functionality. A QUAN + QUAL design was implemented collecting quantitative data from Family APGAR and BELS scales, and qualitative information by conducting focus groups. The integration of results made it possible to understand the causes of problems reported by scales, as well as improving the information captured for helping to plan patient therapies. This mixed approach has provided a more comprehensive perspective of functionality, which will be helpful in improving quality of life of patients and their relatives.
KeywordsMixed methods Functionality Schizophrenia Family APGAR BELS
The authors received financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness under the Research Support Programme (Project No. PSI2012-32275), and from the Andalusia Regional Government under the Excellent Research Fund (SEJ-6569, SEJ-5188).
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