Suicide Attempts and Associated Factors in Male and Female Korean Adolescents A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Survey
- 466 Downloads
Using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, this study seeks to investigate associations of suicide attempts with family, individual, and behavioral factors on the basis of gender. Among male adolescents, those who did not live with their parents, who had poor subjective academic achievement, depression, experiences of smoking and sexual coitus, drug abuse, suicidal ideation and plans were more likely to attempt suicide. Among the female adolescents, those who did not live with their parents, had depression, low self-rated health, experiences of drug abuse and sexual coitus, and expressed unhappiness, suicidal ideation and suicide plans were more likely to attempt suicide. Thus, the development of a suicide prevention program for Korean adolescents requires different approaches for males and females.
KeywordsSex Suicide attempts Suicidal ideation Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing interests. The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Currie, C., Gabhainn, S. N., Godeau, E., Robert, S., Smith, R., Currie, D., et al. (2008). Inequalities in young people’s health: HBSC international report from the 2005/2006 survey. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.Google Scholar
- Hong, Y. S., & Jeon, S. Y. (2005). The effects of life stress and depression for adolescent suicidal ideation. Mental Health and Social Work, 19, 125–149.Google Scholar
- Kim, H. S., & Kim, B. S. (2008). A comparative study on suicidal ideation in the elderly and the adolescents. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, 282, 325–343.Google Scholar
- Kim, Y. T., Lee, Y. K., Kim, Y. J., Yun, P. K., Park, J. Y., Jeong, S. H., et al. (2007). The secondary online survey of the health behavior among the adolescents. Seoul: Korea Center for Disease Control.Google Scholar
- King, R. A., Schwab-Stone, M., Flisher, A. J., Greenwald, S., Kramer, R. A., Goodman, S. H., et al. (2001). Psychosocial and risk behavior correlates of youth suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 837–846.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health and Welfare, & Korean Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey. Seoul: Author.Google Scholar
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2010). “Suicides”, in OECD factbook 2010: Economic, environmental and social statistics. doi: 10.1787/factbook-2010-90-en.
- Statistics Korea. (2014). 2013 Youth statistics. Daejeon: Author.Google Scholar
- Statistics Korea, & Ministry of Gender Equity and Family. (2013). Adolescent statistics. Seoul: Author.Google Scholar