Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 54–62 | Cite as

Cumulative Effects of Childhood Traumas: Polytraumatization, Dissociation, and Schizophrenia

  • María-José Álvarez
  • Helga Masramon
  • Carlos Peña
  • Marina Pont
  • Caroline Gourdier
  • Pere Roura-Poch
  • Francesc Arrufat
Original Paper


The study objective was to measure and compare the presence of childhood trauma and dissociative symptoms in a convenience sample of healthy controls and a probabilistic sample of outpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Patients reported more childhood trauma and more polytraumatization than the controls, and had a higher average dissociation score. In both cases and controls, the presence of childhood trauma was related to the intensity of the dissociation observed. Childhood trauma, clinical dissociation and schizophrenia are closely related, particularly when the patient has been the victim of more than one type of abuse.


Schizophrenia Dissociation Childhood trauma Severe mental illness 



To Elaine Lilly, Ph.D., for her invaluable assistance not only with the English language but also with thoughtful questions that have helped us to clarify the presentation of our work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • María-José Álvarez
    • 1
  • Helga Masramon
    • 1
  • Carlos Peña
    • 1
  • Marina Pont
    • 2
  • Caroline Gourdier
    • 1
  • Pere Roura-Poch
    • 2
  • Francesc Arrufat
    • 1
  1. 1.Mental Health DepartmentVic Hospital ConsortiumVicSpain
  2. 2.Clinical epidemiology and Research DepartmentVic Hospital ConsortiumVicSpain

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