Staff Perception of Aggressive Behaviour in Community Services for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
- 470 Downloads
Experiencing aggressive behaviour has been associated with increased stress and turnover among staff who support adults with intellectual disabilities. Incident perception is a strong predictor of psychological outcomes after trauma but has not been studied in this staff group. This study clustered exposure to aggression and endorsement of emotional difficulties among 386 community residential group home staff and evaluated the contribution of four behavioural topographies to staff-rated perceived severity. Staff exposure varied considerably. Perceived severity correlated with subjective emotional difficulties. High perceived severity was associated with daily exposure, aggression towards others causing injury, and property aggression causing injury or damage. Therefore, the role the staff plays, whether a witness or target, may impact their experience.
KeywordsAggression Challenging behaviour Community staff Trauma Intellectual disabilities
The authors would like to acknowledge the direct support staff members from the province of Ontario who responded to the survey used in this study. We would also like to extend thanks to the agencies and individuals from the Ministry of Community and Social Services of Ontario who supported us in these research efforts. Dr. Dewa’s Applied CHIR/PHAC Chair supported this work.
- Cooper, S. A., Smiley, E., Jackson, A., Finlayson, J., Allan, L., Mantry, D., et al. (2009). Adults with intellectual disabilities: Prevalence, incidence and remission of aggressive behaviour and related factors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53(3), 217–232.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Devereux, J. M., Hastings, R. P., Noone, S. J., Firth, A., & Totsika, V. (2009). Social support and coping as mediators or moderators of the impact of work stressors on burnout in intellectual disability support staff. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(2), 367–377.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lauvrud, C., Nonstad, K., & Palmstierna, T. (2009). Occurrence of post traumatic stress symptoms and their relationship to professional quality of life (ProQoL) in nursing staff at a forensic psychiatric security unit: A cross-sectional study. Health & Quality of Life Outcomes, 7, 31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lundstrom, M., Saveman, B.-I., Eisemann, M., & Astrom, S. (2007). Prevalence of violence and its relation to caregivers’ demographics and emotional reactions—An explorative study of caregivers working in group homes for persons with learning disabilities. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 21(1), 84–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Weiss, D. S., Brunet, A., Best, S. R., Metzler, T. J., Liberman, A., Pole, N., et al. (2010). Frequency and severity approaches to indexing exposure to trauma: The Critical Incident History Questionnaire for police officers. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(6), 734–743.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar