Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Schizophrenia Receiving Continuous Medical Care
- 167 Downloads
Modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease were assessed among individuals with schizophrenia receiving continuous (i.e. 24-h) medical care. Participants tended to have higher levels of risk factors than for the general population. They had similar levels of risk factors as for previous UK studies of patients not receiving continuous care, except they tended to have higher smoking rates and lower physical activity levels, although statistical comparisons were not possible. Among patients with schizophrenia receiving continuous medical care interventions for health behavior change may need to be further prioritized and there is a need to capitalize on the ready availability of social support in these settings.
KeywordsSchizophrenia Cardiovascular disease Risk factors
We thank Gary Tubman, Amy Lansdown and Thomas Philips for help with data collection.
- British Cardiac Society, British Hypertension Society, HEART UK, Diabetes UK, Primary Care Cardiovascular Society, & Stroke Association. (2005). Joint British Societies’ guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease in clinical practice. Heart, 91(suppl. 5), s1–s52.Google Scholar
- Craig, R., & Mindell, J. (2008). Health Survey for England 2006 (Vol. 1): Cardiovascular disease and risk factors in adults. Leeds: The Information Centre.Google Scholar
- Craig, R., & Shelton, N. (2008). Health Survey for England 2007: Healthy lifestyles: Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour. Leeds: The Information Centre.Google Scholar
- First, M. B. (Ed.). (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edn)–Test Revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Henderson, L., Gregory, J., & Swan, G. (2002). National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults aged 19 to 64 years: Vol. 1: Types and quantities of food consumed. London: TSO.Google Scholar
- McCreadie, R.G., On behalf of the Scottish Comorbidity Study Group. (2002). Use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco by people with schizophrenia: Case control study. British Journal of Addiction, 181, 321–325.Google Scholar
- McCreadie, R.G., On behalf of the Scottish Schizophrenia Lifestyle Group. (2003). Diet, smoking and cardiovascular risk in people with schizophrenia: A descriptive study. British Journal of Addiction, 183, 534–539.Google Scholar
- National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). (2009). Schizophrenia: Core interventions in the treatment and management of schizophrenia in primary and secondary care (update). London: NICE.Google Scholar