Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 37–41 | Cite as

Prevalence of Suicide Thoughts, Plans and Attempts in a Community Sample from Karaj, Iran

  • Seyed Kazem Malakouti
  • Marzieh Nojomi
  • Jafar Bolhari
  • Mitra Hakimshooshtari
  • Marjan Poshtmashhadi
  • Diego De Leo
Original Paper


Aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of suicide ideation and behavior in a community sample of an Iranian city, Karaj. Study sample consisted of 2,300 subjects, chosen randomly from the community. The WHO/SUPRE-MISS survey questionnaire, used in this study. Lifetime prevalence for suicide thoughts, plans and attempts were 12.7, 6.2 and 3.3%, respectively and for the previous year they were 5.7, 2.9 and 1%, respectively. Although it is not possible to generalize the results to the country, but in some area of Iran, the prevalence of suicide ideation, plan and attempt appeared to be similar to that of many developed countries.


Suicide ideation Suicide attempt Community survey Epidemiology Iran 



We thank Ms. Safie Amin, who kindly assisted in conducting this study, and we are grateful to all the people who participated in this research. This initiative was funded partly by the Mental Health Research Center (grant no. 2128) and partly by the Iran University of Medical Sciences, Research Department (grant no. 4118). We are also grateful to Mrs. Wendy Iverson, for her careful revision of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Kazem Malakouti
    • 1
  • Marzieh Nojomi
    • 2
  • Jafar Bolhari
    • 1
  • Mitra Hakimshooshtari
    • 3
  • Marjan Poshtmashhadi
    • 4
  • Diego De Leo
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Mental Health Research CentreIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Community Medicine, Mental Health Research CentreIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Mental Health Research CentreIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Psychiatric InstituteIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide PreventionGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia

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