Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 7–20 | Cite as

Specialized 12-Step Programs and 12-Step Facilitation for the Dually Diagnosed

  • Michael P Bogenschutz


The role of 12-step programs and 12-step-oriented treatments for dually diagnosed individuals (DDI) remains unclear. Here are presented the results of a pilot study in which 10 seriously mentally ill patients received a modified 12-step facilitation (TSF) therapy emphasizing engagement of DDI in a specialized 12-step program for DDI. Participants significantly increased their 12-step attendance and decreased their substance use during the 12 weeks of treatment. Larger and longer-term studies are needed to assess the efficacy of modified TSF for DDI relative to other treatments, and to determine what forms of TSF are most effective in this population.


Public Health Pilot Study Health Psychology Dually Diagnose 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry University of New Mexico Health Sciences CenterAlbuquerqueUSA

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