Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 549–559 | Cite as

NPACT: Enhancing Programs of Assertive Community Treatment for the Seriously Mentally Ill

  • Catherine F. Kane
  • Michael B. Blank


Morbidity and mortality due to physical illness is extremely high in the population of persons with serious mental illness. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact on psychiatric and physical outcomes through enhancing a standard Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) with Advanced Practice Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses (APNs) and stabilized consumer peer providers (NPACT). In a two-group community comparison design, 38 participants receiving NPACT were compared to 21 participants receiving traditional PACT. Evaluations were conducted at baseline and 6 months. Significant improvements over time were demonstrated for both groups on all summary variables. Treatment effects for NPACT over PACT were demonstrated for psychiatric symptoms, community functioning, and consumer satisfaction. Conclusions: Enhancements for PACT using advanced practice nurses and consumer peer providers have the potential to address both health and mental health problems for the seriously mentally ill.

assertive community treatment nursing co-morbidity health promotion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine F. Kane
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael B. Blank
    • 1
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of VirginiaUSA
  2. 2.Southeastern Rural Mental Health Research CenterUSA

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