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Colloid Journal

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 123–133 | Cite as

Metal nanoparticles on polymer surfaces: 4. Preparation and structure of colloidal gold films

  • O. V. Dement’eva
  • M. E. Kartseva
  • A. V. Bol’shakova
  • O. F. Vereshchagina
  • V. A. Ogarev
  • M. A. Kalinina
  • V. M. Rudoy
Article

Abstract

The process of the enlargement of gold hydrosol nanoparticles adsorbed on the surfaces of glassy polymers (polystyrene and poly(2-vinylpyridine)) in mixed aqueous solution of chloroauric acid and hydroxylamine is studied. It is established that the character of this process depends on the intensity of metal-polymer interaction and the density of nanoparticle packing in an initial monolayer. At a high coverage of a poly(2-vinylpyridine) surface by “ seeding” gold particles, their rather uniform growth is observed, whereas, at low coverage, the enlargement of adsorbed particles, as well as the nucleation and growth of new particles take place. At the same time, new Au nanoparticles are not formed on the polystyrene surface in the enlargement process, even at low coverages by preliminarily deposited “seeding” hydrosol particles. Adsorbed gold particles can also be enlarged after their preliminary incorporation into the polystyrene surface layer. Such an incorporation (partial embedding) is ensured by the annealing of a system at a temperature between “surface” (Tg) and “ bulk” glass transition temperatures. In this case, the Tg value can be considerably decreased (up to room temperature) by the addition of small amounts of a homologue with a much lower molecular mass in the polystyrene matrix. Lateral conductivity of colloidal Au films formed on a poly(2-vinylpyridine) surface by the enlargement of adsorbed seeding particles is measured. According to these measurements, contacts providing the formation of conductive channels are formed in the process of nanoparticle enlargement.

Keywords

Glass Transition Temperature Gold Particle Hydroxylamine Colloidal Gold Lower Molecular Mass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. V. Dement’eva
    • 1
  • M. E. Kartseva
    • 1
  • A. V. Bol’shakova
    • 2
  • O. F. Vereshchagina
    • 1
  • V. A. Ogarev
    • 1
  • M. A. Kalinina
    • 1
  • V. M. Rudoy
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsMoscow State UniversityVorob’evy gory, MoscowRussia

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