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Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds

, Volume 45, Issue 11, pp 1287–1301 | Cite as

Structure and characteristics of the ionic forms of heteroarenium salts in organic solvents (review)

  • O. P. Shvaika
  • N. A. Kovach
Article

The results of investigations into the formation of the various ionic forms of heteroarenium salts, their characteristics, and their reactivity are summarized. Salts containing (4n+2)π-electron aromatic cations (n = 0–3), including chalcogenopyrylium (O, S, Se), azinium, benzo- and dibenzoazinium, and chalcogenoazolium (O, S, Se, NR) ions are examined. In this system of compounds the relationships between the structure and the macroscopic characteristics of the heteroarenium salts (ionization constants, association/dissociation constants, distances of closest interionic approach) and the effect of the nature of the ionic forms in the solutions on their reactivity in heterolytic reactions are analyzed.

Keywords

azinium azolium benzo-annelated azinium heteroarenium chalcogenopyrylium salts association constants ionization constants ionic forms reactivity 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.L. M. Litvinenko Institute of Physical Organic Chemistry and Coal ChemistryNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineDonetskUkraine

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