Conservation Genetics

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 971–979 | Cite as

Prevalence of multiple mating by female common dormice, Muscardinus avellanarius

  • Darlina Md. Naim
  • Sandra Telfer
  • Stephanie Sanderson
  • Stephen J. Kemp
  • Phillip C. Watts
Research Article


Mating behaviour is an important component of species’ life histories. Knowledge of natural patterns of mating can lead also to more effective management strategies for populations of conservation concern. Despite a high conservation profile many aspects of the biology of the common dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) remain unknown, potentially limiting present conservation efforts. We determine the mating behaviour of M. avellanarius at two woodland sites in the UK: (1) Bontuchel (a natural population in Wales) and (2) Wych (a population in England that was established by reintroducing captive-bred animals) by genotyping mothers and litters at a panel of 10 microsatellite loci. Adult female body weight positively correlates with litter size and no apparent reproductive skew was evident. We found that multiple mating by female dormice is prevalent at both sites, with litters containing three or more offspring sired by multiple fathers; moreover, multiple mating is adopted by released animals even after a period of captive breeding where females are mated singly or as a breeding pair. We also present evidence for low proportion of fathers identified in our samples that probably related to unsampled individuals and/or larger than anticipated population sizes. This first report of mating behaviour in M. avellanarius highlights the role of genetic studies to uncover species’ reproductive behaviours and include these data for conservation management.


Behaviour Conservation Microsatellite Multiple mating Reproduction 



We thank all of the members of the Northwest Dormouse Partnership, particularly Sarah Bird, Scott Wilson, Rhian Hughes, Sue Tatman, Iolo Lloyd and the Forestry Commission, as well as all of the volunteers that have helped during survey work. This work was funded by Malaysian Government and Universiti Sains Malaysia for Academic Staff Training Scheme (ASTS).

Supplementary material

10592_2011_200_MOESM1_ESM.doc (226 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 226 kb)
10592_2011_200_MOESM2_ESM.doc (37 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 37 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darlina Md. Naim
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sandra Telfer
    • 3
  • Stephanie Sanderson
    • 4
  • Stephen J. Kemp
    • 1
    • 5
  • Phillip C. Watts
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Integrative BiologyUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaMindenMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Biological and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK
  4. 4.North of England Zoological Society, Chester ZooUpton-by-ChesterUK
  5. 5.International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)NairobiKenya

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