Conservation Genetics

, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp 797–812 | Cite as

Genetic population structure of central Oregon Coast coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)

  • Michael J. Ford
  • David Teel
  • Donald M. Van Doornik
  • David Kuligowski
  • Peter W. Lawson


We surveyed microsatellite variation from 22 spawning populations of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) from the Oregon Coast to help identify populations for conservation planning. All of our samples were temporally replicated, with most samples obtained in 2000 and 2001. We had three goals: (1) to confirm the status of populations identified on the basis of spawning location and life history; (2) to estimate effective population sizes and migration rates in order to determine demographic independence at different spatial scales; and (3) to determine if releases of Washington hatchery coho salmon in the 1980's into Oregon Coast streams resulted in measurable introgression into nearby wild Oregon Coast coho populations. For the last question, our study included a hatchery broodstock sample from 1985, after the Puget Sound introduction, and a 1975 sample taken from the same area prior to the introduction. Our results generally supported previously hypothesized population structure. Most importantly, we found unique lake-rearing groups identified on the basis of a common life-history type were genetically related. Estimates of immigrant fraction using several different methods also generally supported previously identified populations. Estimates of effective population size were highly correlated with estimates of spawning abundance. The 1985 hatchery sample was genetically similar to contemporary Washington samples, and the contemporary Oregon Coast samples were similar to the 1975 Oregon Coast sample, suggesting that introductions of Washington coho salmon did not result in large scale introgression into Oregon populations.

conservation unit effective population size migration salmon 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. Ford
    • 1
  • David Teel
    • 1
  • Donald M. Van Doornik
    • 1
  • David Kuligowski
    • 1
  • Peter W. Lawson
    • 1
  1. 1.NOAA-Fisheries, Northwest Fisheries Science CenterConservation Biology DivisionSeattleUSA

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