Contemporary Family Therapy

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 497–506 | Cite as

The Intersection of Spirituality, Religion, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity in Family Therapy Training: An Exploration of Students’ Beliefs and Practices

  • Christi R. McGeorge
  • Thomas Stone Carlson
  • Russell B. Toomey
Original Paper


This study explored the relationship between the level of clinical training that family therapy students receive related to spirituality and/or religion and their beliefs about providing therapy to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) clients. The sample consists of 341 students in family therapy programs who completed an online survey assessing the level of training on spirituality and/or religion that students received as well as indicators assessing the level of congruence between students’ spiritual and/or religious beliefs and the practices of LGBT affirmative and reparative therapies. The findings highlight a number of significant associations between the training students receive on spirituality and/or religion and their beliefs about therapy with LGBT clients.


Spirituality Religion Family therapy training LGBT affirmative therapy Reparative therapy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christi R. McGeorge
    • 1
  • Thomas Stone Carlson
    • 1
  • Russell B. Toomey
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family ScienceNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  2. 2.Kent State UniversityKentUSA

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