Parentification and Psychological Adjustment: Locus of Control as a Moderating Variable
- 499 Downloads
Childhood parentification has been associated with both positive and negative psychosocial outcomes. While divergent effects of parentification have been documented, few studies have attempted to identify variables that may impact the relationship between parentification and later adjustment. In the present study, internal locus of control, a variable associated with positive adjustment, was hypothesized as a potential moderating variable in the relationship between parentification and outcome. Using an undergraduate sample, internal locus of control was found to significantly moderate the relationship between childhood parentification and current ratings of depression and happiness. Theoretical rationales for the findings are discussed.
KeywordsParentification Psychological adjustment Locus of control
This research was supported by funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
- Chase, N. D. (1999). Parentification: An overview of theory, research, and societal issues. In N. D. Chase (Eds.), Burdened children. Theory, research and treatment of parentification, (pp. 3–33). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hooper, L. M. (2007). Expanding the discussion regarding parentification and its varied outcomes: Implications for mental health research and practice. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29, 322–337.Google Scholar
- Jurkovic, G. J. (1997). Lost childhoods: The plight of the parentified child. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
- Levenson, H. (1974). Activism and powerful others: Distinctions within the concept of internal-external control. Journal of Personality Assessment, 38, 377–383.Google Scholar
- Sessions, M. W., & Jurkovic, G. J. (1986). The Parentification Questionnaire. (Available from Dr. Gregory Jurkovic, Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta Georgia, 30303).Google Scholar
- Tompkins, T. L. (2007). Parentification and maternal HIV infection: Beneficial role or pathological burden? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 113–123.Google Scholar