Contemporary Family Therapy

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 231–237 | Cite as

Parentification and Psychological Adjustment: Locus of Control as a Moderating Variable

  • Kristen Williams
  • Sarah E. Francis
Original Paper


Childhood parentification has been associated with both positive and negative psychosocial outcomes. While divergent effects of parentification have been documented, few studies have attempted to identify variables that may impact the relationship between parentification and later adjustment. In the present study, internal locus of control, a variable associated with positive adjustment, was hypothesized as a potential moderating variable in the relationship between parentification and outcome. Using an undergraduate sample, internal locus of control was found to significantly moderate the relationship between childhood parentification and current ratings of depression and happiness. Theoretical rationales for the findings are discussed.


Parentification Psychological adjustment Locus of control 



This research was supported by funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada

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