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Machine Translation

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 225–249 | Cite as

Induction of latent domains in heterogeneous corpora: a case study of word alignment

  • Hoang Cuong
  • Khalil Sima’an
Article

Abstract

This paper focuses on the insensitivity of existing word alignment models to domain differences, which often yields suboptimal results on large heterogeneous data. A novel latent domain word alignment model is proposed, which induces domain-focused lexical and alignment statistics. We propose to train the model on a heterogeneous corpus under partial supervision, using a small number of seed samples from different domains. The seed samples allow estimating sharper, domain-focused word alignment statistics for sentence pairs. Our experiments show that the derived domain-focused statistics, once combined together, produce significant improvements both in word alignment accuracy and in translation accuracy of their resulting SMT systems. Going beyond the findings, we surmise that virtually any large corpus (e.g., Europarl, Hansards, Common Crawl) harbors an arbitrary diversity of hidden domains, unknown in advance. We address the novel challenge of unsupervised induction of hidden domains in parallel corpora, applied within a domain-focused word-alignment modeling framework. On the technical side, we contrast flat estimation for the unsupervised induction of domains to a simple form of hierarchical estimation, consisting of two steps aiming at avoiding bad local maxima. Extensive experiments, conducted over seven different language pairs with fully unsupervised induction of domains for word alignment, demonstrate significant improvements in alignment accuracy.

Keywords

Statistical machine translation Word alignment models Latent domain model 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thanks anonymous reviewers and Ivan Titov for their inputs. The second author is supported by VICI Grant Nr 277-89-002 from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ILLCUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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