Iterative reweighted methods for \(\ell _1-\ell _p\) minimization

  • Xianchao Xiu
  • Lingchen Kong
  • Yan Li
  • Houduo Qi


In this paper, we focus on the \(\ell _1-\ell _p\) minimization problem with \(0<p<1\), which is challenging due to the \(\ell _p\) norm being non-Lipschizian. In theory, we derive computable lower bounds for nonzero entries of the generalized first-order stationary points of \(\ell _1-\ell _p\) minimization, and hence of its local minimizers. In algorithms, based on three locally Lipschitz continuous \(\epsilon \)-approximation to \(\ell _p\) norm, we design several iterative reweighted \(\ell _1\) and \(\ell _2\) methods to solve those approximation problems. Furthermore, we show that any accumulation point of the sequence generated by these methods is a generalized first-order stationary point of \(\ell _1-\ell _p\) minimization. This result, in particular, applies to the iterative reweighted \(\ell _1\) methods based on the new Lipschitz continuous \(\epsilon \)-approximation introduced by Lu (Math Program 147(1–2):277–307, 2014), provided that the approximation parameter \(\epsilon \) is below a threshold value. Numerical results are also reported to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed methods.


\(\ell _1-\ell _p\) minimization Generalized first-order stationary point Lower bound Iterative reweighted \(\ell _1\) Iterative reweighted \(\ell _2\) method 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous referees and the associate editor for their numerous insightful comments and suggestions, which have greatly improved the paper. In particular, we would like to thank a referee for clarifying the chain rule for computing the subdifferential of the \(\ell _1\) norm composited with a linear mapping. The work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11431002, 11671029), the 111 Project of China (B16002), the Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science Project (17YJC910005), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities in UIBE (15YB04) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities in BJTU (2016YJS159).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xianchao Xiu
    • 1
  • Lingchen Kong
    • 1
  • Yan Li
    • 2
  • Houduo Qi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied MathematicsBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Insurance and EconomicsUniversity of International Business and EconomicsBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of MathematicsUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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