An enhanced channel estimation technique for CDD OFDM system over time varying channels



Cyclic delay diversity (CDD), employing multiple antennas provides increased frequency-selectivity and thereby achieves frequency diversity using forward error correction in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). However, channel estimation of CDD OFDM becomes crucial over frequency-selective fading channels. In this paper, we propose a low-complexity channel estimation technique for CDD OFDM systems over time-varying channels using basis expansion model. We first analyze the frequency correlation of CDD OFDM channels and then design scattered pilot structure for estimating the channel coefficients. In the proposed channel estimator, Slepian sequences are employed estimate the channel impulse response by exploiting the frequency correlation of CDD OFDM over time-varying channel. Simulation results demonstrated that the proposed channel estimator achieves better mean square error and bit-error-rate performance compared with that of existing methods over time-varying channels.


Cyclic delay diversity Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing Spatially correlated channels Slepian sequences 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ElectronicsSathyabama UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.KCG College of TechnologyChennaiIndia
  3. 3.TN GovtChennaiIndia

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