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Table 6 Data description

From: A new look at carbon dioxide emissions in MENA countries

Variable name Measure and description Data sources
CO2 emissions (Cit) Metric tons per capita International Energy Agency (IEA) Statistics
Real GDP per capita (Yit) GDP based on constant 2010 US dollars divided by the midyear population World Economic Outlook (International Monetary Fund)
Energy use (EUit) Kilograms of oil equivalent per capita International Energy Agency (IEA) Statistics
Trade openness (TRADEit) The sum of exports and imports as a share of GDP (%) International Financial Statistics (International Monetary Fund)
Foreign direct investment (FDIit) FDI net inflows as a share of GDP (%) International Financial Statistics (International Monetary Fund)
Financial development (FINit) Total value of domestic credit to the private sector as a share of GDP (%) International Financial Statistics (International Monetary Fund)
Energy intensity (eiit) MJ (megajoules) per constant 2011 PPP GDP International Energy Agency (IEA) Statistics
Energy-related CO2 (ecit) Kilograms per kg of oil equivalent energy use International Energy Agency (IEA) Statistics
  1. Notes: Data are collected for 12 MENA countries over the annual time period of 1970–2015: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)