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Table 1 Biomass consumption and emission factors from the 2006 IPCC guidelines used in the present study, as reported by Rossi et al. (2016), and field-derived biomass consumption compiled from literature (van Leeuwen et al. 2014, Table 3). Standard deviation (SD) is reported in parenthesis

From: New estimates of greenhouse gas emissions from biomass burning and peat fires using MODIS Collection 6 burned areas

Fire emission source IPCC biomass consumption Field-derived biomass consumption IPCC emission factors
  (t ha−1) (t ha−1) (g kg−1)
   N2O CH4 CO2
Savanna (tropical) 7 4.6 (2.2) 0.21 2.3 1613
Savanna (non-tropical) 4.1 0.21 2.3 1613
Woody savanna (tropical) 6 5.1 (2.2) 0.21 2.3 1613
Woody savanna (non-tropical) 3.3 0.21 2.3 1613
Grassland (tropical) 5.2 4.3 (2.2) 0.21 2.3 1613
Grassland (non-tropical) 4.1 0.21 2.3 1613
Open shrublands 14.3 32 (19) 0.21 2.3 1613
Closed shrublands 26.7 0.21 2.3 1613
Forest (boreal) 41 39 (19) 0.26 4.7 1569
Forest (temperate) 50.4 93 (79) 0.26 4.7 1569
Forest (tropical) 54.1 126 (77) 0.2 6.8 1580
Peatlands (tropical) 353 314 (196) 0.2 20.8 1703
Peatlands (boreal and temperate) 66 42 (−)