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Table 1 General characteristics of the lakes from which lake surface water temperatures were used in this study. Shown are the names of each lake, their latitude, longitude, elevation, mean depth, surface area, the rate of change in annual minimum lake surface temperature (Tmin), and the rate of change in July–September average lake surface temperatures (TJAS). Also, shown are the 95% CI of the calculated trends. Lake temperature trends are based on observations available from 1973 to 2014, the years for which all lakes had available data

From: Substantial increase in minimum lake surface temperatures under climate change

Lake Latitude (°N) Longitude (°E) Elevation (m) Mean depth (m) Area (km2) Tmin (°C decade−1) TJAS (°C decade−1)
Blelham Tarn, UK 54.39 − 2.98 41 6.8 0.1 0.45 (0.17, 0.73) 0.22 (− 0.10, 0.54)
Esthwaite Water, UK 54.36 − 2.99 65 6.4 1.0 0.40 (0.11, 0.70) 0.28 (− 0.02, 0.59)
Feeagh, Ireland 53.95 − 9.58 20 14.5 3.92 0.34 (0.04, 0.64) 0.08 (− 0.17, 0.33)
Leven, UK 56.2 − 3.38 100 3.9 13.3 0.37 (0.15, 0.60) 0.52 (− 0.08, 1.12)
Lower Lake Zurich, Switzerland 47.22 8.72 407 49 67.0 0.12 (− 0.04, 0.28) 0.39 (0.11, 0.66)
Windermere North Basin, UK 54.38 − 2.93 39 25.1 8.0 0.29 (0.04, 0.53) 0.28 (0.00, 0.56)
Windermere South Basin, UK 54.32 − 2.95 39 16.8 6.7 0.33 (0.06, 0.60) 0.30 (0.03, 0.58)
Wörthersee, Austria 46.63 14.13 440 42.1 19.39 0.51 (0.28, 0.74) 0.51 (0.33, 0.68)