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Fig. 4 | Climatic Change

Fig. 4

From: The implications of the United Nations Paris Agreement on climate change for globally significant biodiversity areas

Fig. 4

Benefits of adaptation showing the Priority Places where the largest impacts on biodiversity are projected. Comparison at 2 (a) or 4.5 °C (b) expressed in terms of the average (across taxa) area of a Priority Place that can operate as a refugium. Priority Places are arranged in order of decreasing climate change impacts. Impacts are greatest where few or no refugia remain (Priority Places at the top of the chart) and lowest where they remain at 2 °C (green bars at the bottom of the chart, a) or even at 4.5 °C (purple bars at the bottom of the chart, b). More refugia remain if adaptation by dispersal occurs. The areas with the largest difference between brown and green bars (a) or orange and purple bars (b) are the ones which benefit the most from adaptation by dispersal. By the 2080s, this benefit is largely confined to birds and mammals since dispersal rates for other taxa are slow

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