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Climatic Change

, Volume 142, Issue 1–2, pp 113–127 | Cite as

Conceptualization and implementation of ecosystems-based adaptation

  • Anita Milman
  • Kripa Jagannathan
Article

Abstract

While ecosystems-based adaptation (EbA) has been received with great interest, the requirements for EbA implementation and its precise benefits under future climate change are unclear. Furthermore, EbA’s overlap with environmental, and development policy agendas leads to ambiguity regarding what actions fall under the rubric of EbA. We analyze the projects identified by the UNFCCC as examples of EbA to understand how EbA is conceptualized and promoted by the international community. Addressing climate change is the primary objective of 58% of the EbA projects; the other 42% of projects provide adaptation benefits yet are not primarily driven by climate change. A project’s adaptation targeting is tied to its information needs. Projects whose primary objective is to address climate change are more likely to use detailed climate projections than projects whose primary objective is to address natural hazards, development or ecosystems degradation. A majority of projects do not address uncertainty in future climate change or in adaptation benefits, nor do they track adaptation outcomes. This prevalent lack of monitoring highlights the possibility of a gap between expected and realized adaptation outcomes. It also represents a lost opportunity for improving knowledge of the thresholds of effectiveness of EbA and of factors influencing EbA efficacy.

Keywords

Climate Change Future Climate Change Climate Change Adaptation Project Activity Disaster Risk Reduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Energy and Resources Group at the University of California Berkeley, Margaret Torn, Holly Jones, Mark Wamsley, and two anonymous reviewers for their suggestions and input on this research. Sole responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors.

Supplementary material

10584_2017_1933_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (605 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 604 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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