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The Stancari air thermometer and the 1715–1737 record in Bologna, Italy

Abstract

This paper is focused on the closed-tube Stancari air thermometer that was developed at the beginning of the eighteenth century as an improvement of the Amontons thermometer, and used to record the temperature in Bologna, Italy, from 1715 to 1737. The problems met with this instrument, its calibration and the building technology in the eighteenth century are discussed in order to correct the record. The used methodological approach constitutes a useful example for other early series. The analysis of this record shows that the temperature in Bologna was not different from the 1961–1990 reference period. This result is in line with the contemporary record taken in Padua, Italy, confirming that this period of the Little Ice Age was not cold in the Mediterranean area.

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Correspondence to Dario Camuffo.

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Camuffo, D., Valle, A.d., Bertolin, C. et al. The Stancari air thermometer and the 1715–1737 record in Bologna, Italy. Climatic Change 139, 623–636 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-016-1797-8

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Keywords

  • Mercury
  • Eighteenth Century
  • Temperature Threshold
  • Diurnal Temperature Range
  • Building Envelope