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Table 3 Top twenty investor- & state-owned entities and attributed CO2 & CH4 emissions

From: Tracing anthropogenic carbon dioxide and methane emissions to fossil fuel and cement producers, 1854–2010

  2010 emissions Cumulative 1854–2010 Percent of global
Entity MtCO2e MtCO2e 1751–2010
1. Chevron, USA 423 51,096 3.52 %
2. ExxonMobil, USA 655 46,672 3.22 %
3. Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 1,550 46,033 3.17 %
4. BP, UK 554 35,837 2.47 %
5. Gazprom, Russian Federation 1,371 32,136 2.22 %
6. Royal Dutch/Shell, Netherlands 478 30,751 2.12 %
7. National Iranian Oil Company 867 29,084 2.01 %
8. Pemex, Mexico 602 20,025 1.38 %
9. ConocoPhillips, USA 359 16,866 1.16 %
10. Petroleos de Venezuela 485 16,157 1.11 %
11. Coal India 830 15,493 1.07 %
12. Peabody Energy, USA 519 12,432 0.86 %
13. Total, France 398 11,911 0.82 %
14. PetroChina, China 614 10,564 0.73 %
15. Kuwait Petroleum Corp. 323 10,503 0.73 %
16. Abu Dhabi NOC, UAE 387 9,672 0.67 %
17. Sonatrach, Algeria 386 9,263 0.64 %
18. Consol Energy, Inc., USA 160 9,096 0.63 %
19. BHP-Billiton, Australia 320 7,606 0.52 %
20. Anglo American, United Kingdom 242 7,242 0.50 %
Top 20 IOCs & SOEs 11,523 428,439 29.54 %
Top 40 IOCs & SOEs   546,767 37.70 %
All 81 IOCs & SOEs 18,524 602,491 41.54 %
Total 90 carbon majors 27,946 914,251 63.04 %
Total global emissions 36,026 1,450,332 100.00 %
  1. Right column compares each entity’s cumulative emissions to CDIAC’s global emissions 1751–2010. Excludes British Coal, whose production and assets have not been attributed to extant companies, and five of nine nation-states (FSU, China, Poland, Russian Federation, and Czechoslovakia, in that order)