Climatic Change

, Volume 113, Issue 3–4, pp 1089–1095 | Cite as

Reply to comment on “Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change” by G. Jordà, D. Gomis & M. Marcos

  • Alberto Troccoli
  • Filippo Zambon
  • Kevin I. Hodges
  • Marco Marani


The commentary on our paper “Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change” (Troccoli et al. 2011, hereafter TZHM) by Jordà et al. 2011a (hereafter JGM) demonstrates the high level of interest in possible climate change impacts on the city of Venice. We applaud the effort of JGM in attempting to address two expected criticisms to TZHM, namely the role of: 1) the intensity of the storm surges in Venice and 2) the sea level projection for Venice for the end of the XXI century. As we argue here, however, the first criticism is not corroborated by either past data or model projections; the second is subject to very large uncertainties, as JGM themselves point out “As a caution to our results, we must state that mean sea level projections in the Mediterranean are still a topic under scientific discussion.”. Therefore we believe our original conclusions remain essentially unaltered.

As in JGM, we address the two criticisms one at a time. We also point out and...


Cyclone Extreme Storm Inverse Barometer Steric Component Extreme Tide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bahr DB, Dyurgerov M, Meier MF (2009) Sea-level rise from glaciers and ice caps: a lower bound. Geophys Res Lett 36:L03501. doi: 10.1029/2008GL036309 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bengtsson L, Hodges KI, Keenlyside N (2009) Will extratropical storms intensify in a warmer climate? J Clim 22:2276–2301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Canestrelli P, Mandich M, Pirazzoli PA, Tomasin A (2001) Wind, depression and seiches: Tidal perturbations in Venice (1951–2000), Citta’ di Venezia, Centro Previsioni e Segnalazioni Maree, Comune di Venezia, pp 105Google Scholar
  4. Carbognin L, Teatini P, Tomasin A, Tosi L (2009) Global change and relative sea level rise at Venice: what impact in term of flooding. Clim Dyn. doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0617-5
  5. Cazenave A, Bonnefond P, Merciera F, Dominha K, Toumazou V (2002) Sea level variations in the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea from satellite altimetry and tide gauges. Glob Planet Chang 34:59–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Giorgi F, Lionello P (2008) Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region. Glob Planet Chang. doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.09.005
  7. Jordà G, Gomis D, Marcos M (2011a) Comment on “Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change” by Troccoli et al. Climatic Change, published online 24 Nov 2011, doi  10.1007/s10584-011-0349-5
  8. Jordà G, Gomis D, Álvarez-Fanjul E, Somot S (2011b) Atmospheric contribution to Mediterranean sea level variability under different climate change scenarios. Glob Planet Change (in press)Google Scholar
  9. Marcos M, Tsimplis MN (2008) Comparison of results of AOGCMs in the Mediterranean Sea during the 21st century. J Geophys Res 113:C012028. doi: 10.1029/2008JC004820 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Marcos M, Jordà G, Gomis D, Pérez B (2011) Changes in storm surges in southern Europe during the 21st century. Glob Planet Chang 77:116–128Google Scholar
  11. Meyssignac B, Calafat FM, Somot S, Rupolo S, Stocchi P, Llovel W, Cazenave A (2011) Two-dimensional reconstruction of the Mediterranean sea level over 1970–2006 from tide gage data and regional ocean circulation model outputs. Glob Planet Chang 77:49–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Thomas R, Frederick E, Li J, Krabill W, Manizade S, Paden J, Sonntag J, Swift R, Yungel J (2011) Accelerating ice loss from the fastest Greenland and Antarctic glaciers. Geophys Res Lett 38:L10502. doi: 10.1029/2011GL047304 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Troccoli A, Zambon F, Hodges KI, Marani M (2011) Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change. Climatic Change, published online 14th May, doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0093-x
  14. Umgiesser G, Anderson JB, Artale V, Breil M, Gualdi S, Lionello P, Marinova N, Orlić M, Pirazzoli P, Rahmstorf S, Raicich F, Rohling E, Tomasin A, Tsimplis M, Vellinga P (2011) From Global to Regional: Local Sea Level Rise Scenarios – Focus on the Mediterranean Sea and the Adriatic Sea”, a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) publication. Available at:

Copyright information

© Crown Copyright 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Troccoli
    • 1
  • Filippo Zambon
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kevin I. Hodges
    • 2
  • Marco Marani
    • 3
  1. 1.Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Pye LaboratoryCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.Environmental Systems Science Centre (ESSC)University of ReadingReadingUK
  3. 3.Department of IMAGE and International Center for HydrologyUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly

Personalised recommendations