Climatic Change

, Volume 111, Issue 3–4, pp 801–817 | Cite as

Detecting rainfall trends in twentieth century (1871–2006) over Orissa State, India

  • Jagadish P. Patra
  • A. Mishra
  • R. Singh
  • N. S. Raghuwanshi


Climate change has affected the temperature and rainfall characteristics worldwide. However, the changes are not equal for all regions and have localized intensity and must be quantified locally to manage the natural resources. Orissa is an eastern state in India where agricultural activities mainly depends on the rainfall and thus face problems due to changing patterns of rainfall due to changing climate. In the present study, attempts were made to study temporal variation in monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall over the state during the period from 1871 to 2006. Long term changes in rainfall characteristics were determined by both parametric and non-parametric tests. The analysis revealed a long term insignificant decline trend of annual as well as monsoon rainfall, where as increasing trend in post-monsoon season over the state of Orissa. Rainfall during winter and summer seasons showed an increasing trend. Statistically monsoon rainfall can be considered as very dependable as the coefficient of variation is 14.2%. However, there is decreasing monthly rainfall trend in June, July and September, where as increasing trend in August. This trend is more predominant in last 10 year. Based on departure from mean, rainfall analysis also showed an increased number of dry years compared to wet years after 1950. This changing rainfall trend during monsoon months is major concern for the rain-fed agriculture. More over, this will affect hydro power generation and reservoir operation in the region.


Monsoon Season Monsoon Rainfall Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Summer Monsoon Rainfall Rainfall Series 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jagadish P. Patra
    • 1
  • A. Mishra
    • 1
  • R. Singh
    • 1
  • N. S. Raghuwanshi
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural and Food Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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