Climatic Change

, 97:449 | Cite as

Reducing CO2 levels—so many ways, so few being taken

An editorial comment
  • Peter Read


Tropical Cyclone Emission Reduction Switchgrass Versible Climatic Change Biochar Soil Amendment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Allen MR, Frame DJ (2007) Call off the quest. Science 318:582–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Azar C, Lindgren K, Anderson BA (2003) Global energy scenarios meeting stringent CO2 constraints—costeffective fuel choices in the transportation sector. Energy Policy 31:961–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bengtsson L, Hodges KI, Esch M, Keenlyside N, Kornbleuh L, Luo J-J, Yamagata T (2007) How may tropical cyclones change in a warmer climate? Tellus 59A:539–561Google Scholar
  4. Blanchon P, Eisenhauer A, Fietzke J, Liebetrau V (2009) Rapid sea-level rise and reef back-stepping at the close of the last interglacial highstand. Nature 458:881–884. doi: 10.1038/nature07933 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crutzen PJ (2006) Albedo enhancement by stratospheric sulfur injections: a contribution to resolve a policy dilemma? Editorial Essay in Climatic Change 77:211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Greene N, Celik FE, Dale B, Jackson M, Jayawardhana K, Jin H, Larson E, Laser M, Lynd L, MacKenzie D, Jason M, McBride J, McLaughlin S, Saccardi D (2004) Growing energy: how biofuels can help end America’s oil dependence. NRDC Report (December), NRDC, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Hansen J, Sato M, Kharecha P, Russell G, Lea DW, Siddall M (2007) Climate change and trace gases. Phil Trans Royal Soc A 365:1925–1954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hansen J, Sato M, Kharecha P, Beerling D, Masson-Delmotte V, Pagani M, Raymo M, Royer D, Zachos J (2008) Target atmospheric CO2: where should humanity aim?
  9. Hearty PJ et al (2007) Sea level changes of several meters per century. Quat Sci Rev 26:2090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. IPCC (2000) Special report on emissions scenarios. CUP, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. Lehmann J, Rondon M (2009) Bio-char soil management on highly weathered soils in the humid tropics, chapter 36. In: Lehmann J, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Lenton TM, Held H, Kreigler E, Hall JW, Lucht W, Rahmsdorf S, Schellnhuber HJ (2008) Tipping elements in the Earth’s climate system. PNAS 105/6:1786–1793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Monbiot G (2006) We can’t reverse global warming by triggering another catastrophe. Guard 29.viii.2006Google Scholar
  14. Moreira JR (2006) Global biomass energy potential. In: Read P (ed) 2005. Addressing the policy implications of potential abrupt climate change: a leading role for bio-energy. Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change, vol 11/2, pp 313–333Google Scholar
  15. Ornstein L (2009) Replacing coal with wood: sustainable, eco-neutral, conservation harvest of natural tree-fall in old-growth forests: an editorial essay. Clim Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9625-z Google Scholar
  16. Ornstein L, Aleinov I, Rind D (2009) Irrigated afforestation of the Sahara and Australian outback to end global warming. Clim Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9626-y Google Scholar
  17. Raupach GM, Ciais P, Le Quéré C, Canadell JG, Klepper G, Field CB (2007) Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions. PNAS 104/24:10288–10293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Read P (2005) Carbon cycle management with increased photo-synthesis and long-term sinks. In: Schellnhuber J et al (eds) Avoiding dangerous climate change. CUP, pp 347–354Google Scholar
  19. Read P (2007) Comments to “what next?” IPCC meeting, Berlin, 23 Nov. 2007, also IPS WP 08/02, Victoria University of Wellington.
  20. Read (2007/2008) “Biosphere carbon stock management” an editorial essay. Clim Change 87/3–4:305–320. doi: 10.1007/s10584-007-9356-y Google Scholar
  21. Read P (2009) A Copenhagen initiative?: curing Kyoto with a ‘leaky bucket’. UKBRC working paper 3, Edinburgh UniversityGoogle Scholar
  22. Read P, Parshotam A (2007) Holistic Greenhouse gas management strategy (with reviewers’ comments and authors’ rejoinders). Institute of Policy Studies working paper 07/1, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
  23. Roe GH, Baker MB (2007) Why is climate sensitivity so unpredictable? Science 318(5850):629. doi: 10.1126/science.1144735 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Salter SH (2009) A 20 GW thermal 300-metre3/sec wave-energised, surgemode nutrient-pump for removing atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing fish stocks and suppressing hurricanes. In: Proceedings, EWTEC 2009 conference, SeptemberGoogle Scholar
  25. Salter S, Sortino G, Latham J (2008) Sea-going hardware for the cloud albedo method of reversing global warming. Phil Trans R Soc A 366:3989–4006Google Scholar
  26. Sherr SJ, Sthapit S (2009) Capturing carbon on the land: food, land use and climate change. Worldwatch report 179. WWI, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  27. Stern N (2006) The stern review of the economics of climate change. Treasury, LondonGoogle Scholar
  28. Tarko V (2006) Icequakes in Greenland put on pace—global warming increases the seismic activity in Greenland.
  29. UNCCD (2009) Use of biochar (charcoal) to replenish soil carbon pools, restore soil fertility and sequester CO2.
  30. Wise M, Calvin K, Thomson A, Clarke L, Bond-Lamberty B, Sands R, Smith SJ, Janetos A, Edmonds JE (2009) Implications of limiting CO2 concentrations for land use and energy. Science 324:1183. doi: 10.1126/science.1168475 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zickfeld K, Knopf B, Petoukhov V, Schellnhuber HJ (2005) Is the Indian summer monsoon stable against global change? Geophys Res Lett 32:L15707. doi: 10.1029/2005GL022771 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Energy ResearchMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations